Tuesday, 19 August 2014


Pixies look like different creatures of different mythologies, however even legends that uses the term pixie offers numerous definitions. Off and on again the term portrays any supernatural animal, including trolls or elves: at different times, the term just depicts a particular sort of more ethereal animal or sprite. Different folkloristic conventions allude to themeuphemistically, by names, for example, small people, great society, individuals of peace, reasonable people. A significant part of the fables about pixies rotates around assurance from their malignance. Albeit in present day society they are frequently portrayed as adolescent, once in a while winged, humanoids of little stature, they initially were delineated in an unexpected way: tall, brilliant, heavenly creatures or short, wizened trolls being two of the generally said structures.

One basic topic found among the Celtic countries depicts a race of minute individuals who had been crashed into stowing away by attacking people. At the point when considered as creatures that an individual may really experience, pixies were noted for their evil and malignance. Pixies are by and large portrayed as human in appearance and having otherworldly powers. Their starting points are less clear in the old stories, being differently dead, or some manifestation of evil spirit, or a species totally autonomous of people or blessed messengers. The idea of "pixie" in the slender sense is remarkable to English fables, conflating Germanic mythical people with impacts from Celtic and Romance legends, and later made "little" as per the tastes of Victorian time "tall tales" for youngsters. The English term "pixie" might be connected to similar creatures in any of these societies, all the more for the most part to comparable convictions in other European old stories, or in relative studies even around the world.

Pixies have their authentic root in the conflation of Celtic customs in the Middle French medieval sentiments, e.g. as one of the creatures that a knight errant may experience. Fairie was in starting point utilized adjectivally, signifying "captivated", yet was utilized as a name for "charmed" animals from as ahead of schedule as the Late Middle English period. Pixies as the term is currently comprehended were formed in the writing of Romanticism amid the Victorian period. Essayists, for example, Sir Walter Scott and James Hogg were enlivened by old stories which emphasized pixies, for example, the Border songs.

Friday, 22 February 2013


Evil is profound immorality. In certain religious contexts evil has been described as a supernatural force. Definitions of evil vary, as does the analysis of its root motives and causes. However elements that are commonly associated with evil involve unbalanced behaviour involving expediency, selfishness, ignorance, or neglect. In cultures with Manchaen-Abrahamic religious influence, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic opposite of good, in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated.

 In cultures with Buddhist spiritual influence, both good and evil are perceived as part of an antagonistic duality that itself must be overcome through achieving Śūnyatā meaning emptiness in the sense of recognition of good and evil being two opposing principles but not a reality, emptying the duality of them, and achieving a oneness. The philosophical question of whether morality is absolute or relative leads to questions about the nature of evil, with views falling into one of four opposed camps: moral absolutism, amoralism, moral relativism, and moral universalism. While the term is applied to events and conditions without agency, the forms of evil addressed in this article presume an evildoer or doers.

Wednesday, 1 August 2012


The earliest known shoes are sandals dating from approximately 7,000 or 8,000 B.C., found in the Fort Rock Cave in the US state of Oregon. in 1938.The world's oldest leather shoe, made from a single piece of cowhide laced with a leather cord along seams at the front and back, was found in a cave in Armenia in 2008 and is believed to date to 3,500 B.C. Ötzi the Iceman's shoes, dating to 3,300 BC, featured brown bearskin bases, deerskin side panels, and a bark-string net, which pulled tight around the foot. However, it is estimated that shoes may have been used long before this, but it is difficult to find evidence of the earliest footwear due to the highly perishable nature of early shoes. By studying the bones of the smaller toes (as opposed to the big toe), it was observed that their thickness decreased approximately 40,000 to 26,000 years ago. This led archaeologists to deduce that wearing shoes resulted in less bone growth, resulting in shorter, thinner toes. These earliest designs were very simple in design, often mere "foot bags" of leather to protect the feet from rocks, debris, and cold. They were more commonly found in colder climates.

Many early natives in North America wore a similar type of footwear known as the moccasin. These are tight-fitting, soft-soled shoes typically made out of leather or bison hides. Many moccasins were also decorated with various beads and other adornments. Moccasins were not designed to get wet, and in wet weather and warm summer months, most Native Americans went barefoot.

As civilizations began to develop, thong sandals (the precursors of the modern flip-flop) were worn. This practice dates back to pictures of them in ancient Egyptian murals from 4,000 B.C. One pair found in Europe was made of papyrus leaves and dated to be approximately 1,500 years old. They were also worn in Jerusalem during the time of Jesus Christ. Thong sandals were worn by many civilizations and made from a wide variety of materials. Ancient Egyptian sandals were made from papyrus and palm leaves. The Masai of Africa made them out of rawhide. In India, they were made from wood. In China and Japan, rice straw was used. The leaves of the sisal plant were used to make twine for sandals in South America, while the natives of Mexico used the Yucca plant.

While thong sandals were commonly worn, many people in ancient times, such as the Egyptians, Hindu and Greeks, saw little need for footwear, and most of the time, preferred being barefoot. The Egyptians and Hindus made some use of ornamental footwear, such as a soleless sandal known as a "Cleopatra", which did not provide any practical protection for the foot. The ancient Greeks largely viewed footwear as self-indulgent, unaesthetic and unnecessary. Shoes were primarily worn in the theater, as a means of increasing stature, and many preferred to go barefoot. Athletes in the Ancient Olympic Games participated barefoot – and naked. Even the gods and heroes were primarily depicted barefoot, and the hoplite warriors fought battles in bare feet and Alexander the Great conquered his vast empire with barefoot armies. The runners of Ancient Greece are also believed to have run barefoot. Pheidippides, the first marathoner, ran from Athens to Sparta in less than 36 hours. After the Battle of Marathon, he ran straight from the battlefield to Athens to inform the Athenians of the news.

Tuesday, 23 August 2011


A shoe is an item of footwear intended to protect and comfort the human foot while doing various activities. Shoes are also used as an item of decoration. The design of shoes has varied enormously through time and from culture to culture, with appearance originally being tied to function. Additionally fashion has often dictated many design elements, such as whether shoes have very high heels or flat ones. Contemporary footwear varies widely in style, complexity and cost. Basic sandals may consist of only a thin sole and simple strap. High fashion shoes may be made of very expensive materials in complex construction and sell for thousands of dollars a pair. Other shoes are for very specific purposes, such as boots specially designed for mountaineering or skiing.

Shoes have traditionally been made from leather, wood or canvas, but are increasingly made from rubber, plastics, and other petrochemical-derived materials.